- Nouns often end: -ment, -ion, -ness, -ity.
- People nouns often end: -er, -or, -ist, -ian.
- Adjectives often end: -able, -ible, -ive, -al, -ic, -ed, -ing.
- Some verbs end: -ise, -ate, -en.
- Adverbs often end: -ly.
- Is the new word negative? If so, you may need a prefix, e.g. un- (unhappy), im- (impolite), in- (inexperienced), dis- (dishonest), etc.
Those are such good chocolates.
Those chocolates are so good.
We use such + noun phrase and so + adjective or adverb phrase:
She is such a great cook.
Not: She is so great cook.
That was so unpleasant. (so + adjective)
Not: That was such unpleasant.
Why do you drive so fast? (so + adverb)
Not: Why do you drive such fast?
So but not such can also be used in front of much, many, little, few to add emphasis:
So much food was wasted every day.
Not: Such much food was wasted …
In those days there were so few doctors in our area.
Not: … there were such few doctors …
- We use such, not so, before a noun, even if there is an adjective before the noun:
Not: They’re so snobs …
Those are such cool shoes. Where did you get them?
Not: Those are so cool shoes.
- We use such, not so, before a noun phrase with the indefinite article a/an:
Not: This is a so wonderful kitchen!
- We use so, not such, before adjectives:
Not: You’re such kind.
- We use so, not such, before adverbs:
Not: She always dresses such elegantly.